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International Journal of Fluid and Thermal Engineering

  • ISSN (Print) : xxxx-xxxx
  • ISSN (Online) : 2455-3670
  • Impact Factor : 1.779 (Calculated by I2OR)
  • Frequency : 02
  • Publisher : A D Publication

Jounaral Scope

International Journal of Fluid and Thermal Engineering (IJFTE) is peer- reviewed  (refereed)  international journal published by A D Publication. Its aim to provide the most complete and reliable source of information on current and Futuristic research. It is a leading e-journal, under which we are encouraging and exploring newer ideas of current trends in research by publishing papers containing pure knowledge. The Journal is started with noble effort to help the researchers in their work and also to share knowledge and research ideas. The journal reviews papers within short time of submission and publishes accepted articles on the internet immediately upon receiving the final versions.

Salient Feature

Open access Journal : Journal is an open access journal and the paper published in the serial publication can be downloaded from the archive section free of cost in pdf format.

Reputed Editorial Board : Journal has a panel of distinguished Editorial Board members from multiple countries along with finest reviewers to strengthen the quality of publication.

Strict Plagiarism Policy : Each manuscript passes through our Plagiarism testing tool before issuance of Acceptance for publication in Journal.

Rapid Publication Process : The paper submitted to Journal is evaluated within a period of 2-3 weeks for acceptance/ rejection after plagiarism testing and peer review followed by a simple and fast publication process.

Certification of Publication : A Softcopy of Certificate of Publication is issued to the corresponding author free of cost. Authors can also order for Hard copy certificates if required for academic purposes.

Highly Indexed & Impact Factor Journal : Journal is indexed with google scholar, Issuu, dox top,, docstoc , Scribd, Slide share, etc.

Online paper Submission : Authors can submit manuscript online.

Nominal Processing and Publication Charges : Nominal Processing & Publishing Charges (Includes online publication, Indexing & Abstracting in various online repositories, Soft copy of certificate to each author, Soft copy of letter of acceptance, Soft copy of reviewer evaluation card). There is no hidden cost. The hardcopy certificates can be ordered @ Rs 200 (INR) / $20 per author per certificate for academic purpose (optional).

Environment Friendly Policy : We insist for ONLINE publication only, as the journal is open access, so one can download the published papers for unrestricted reprints as and when required. We believe that we have a responsibility towards the environment and every paper saved is worth saving the Mother Nature.

International Journal of Fluid and Thermal Engineering (IJFTE) publishes original, high-quality research papers in area of fluid and thermal engineering.

Component and system design covers energy use both fluid and thermal processes involved in different aspects of engineering. For the former, the design problems associated with the integration of components into overall plant are also covered.

The journal features aspects of the thermal engineering of advanced processes, including process integration, intensification and development, heat transfer, alltogether with the application of thermal equipment in process plants. The optimisation of processes to maximise performance is also included.

A wide range of equipment is relevant to Fluid engineering, such as hydraulic pumps, hydraulic turbines, equipment and components involving fluid flow, flow over aerofoil sections, including those related to aerospace applications. 

A wide range of equipment is relevant to thermal engineering, such as heat exchangers (compact and advanced designs), heat pumps and refrigeration plant, heat pipes, combined heat and power and advanced cycles, heat transfer enhancement as applied to the above, and other unit operations involving thermal engineering procedures, including those related to renewable sources.

Computational fluid dynamics use related to fluid and thermal engineering will also be considered for this journal.

The application of fluid and thermal engineering is becoming critical in specific areas such as aerospace, electronics thermal management and medicine, as well as equipment used by the armed forces. Papers on such challenging applications are often a springboard for technology transfer to other areas, and are encouraged. Short communications in the form of 'Case Studies' will be considered.

A theme running through many papers will be energy. Energy conservation, including heat recovery, the rational use of energy and renewable energy technologies are inevitable features of thermal engineering across all applications. As we see an increasing interest in the use of, for example, renewable energy including solar energy in the process industries, the integration of renewable energy and 'conventional' processes is a topic of relevance. Improved efficiency and alternative equipment for reducing emissions is an increasingly important aspect of all energy use.

Economics plays a necessary role in the assessment of many thermal engineering projects. Submissions devoted to or considering the financial implications of equipment designs are welcome. Information on the different economic criteria applying in particular regions of the world is relevant.

Review articles on appropriate topics are encouraged. Before submitting such a paper, please contact the Editor-in-Chief, with an outline of your proposed paper and your expertise in the area of your review.

Chief Editor:

Prof. Nikul K Patel

Mechanical Engineering Department,Faculty of Technology & Engineering,The M S University Baroda,Gujarat,India

Hon. Secretary cum Treasure,Indian Society for Technical Education,Gujarat State.

Chairman,Board of Studies,Mechnical Engineering,The M S University Baroda, Gujarat, India.

General Secretary,Baroda University Teachers Forum.

Vice Chairman,Shreenath Classic Owners Association.

State Coordinator,Rajiv Gandhi Study Circle,Gujarat State.

Editor Board:

Dr. Manish K Rathod

Mechanical Engineering Department ,SVNIT,Surat,Gujarat,India

Prof. V H Chaudhari

Mechanical Engineering Department,BVM Engineering College,Gujarat,India

Prof. Kalpesh M Bhavsar

Mechanical Engineering Department,Polytechnic,The M S University Baroda,Gujarat,India

Prof. (Dr) Shailesh Shah

Professor,Department of Chemistry,Faculty of Science,The M S University Baroda,Gujarat,India

Dr. S.Ramesh

Department of Mechanical Engineering KCG Nagar, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Karapakkam, Chennai - 600 097,India

Dr. Tawfiq Chekifi

University Tahri Mohamed Bechar, BP 417 Route de Knadsa, ENERGARID LABORATORY- 08000 , Bechar, Algeria

Prof. Arjun K.S.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Matha College of Technology, APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University, India

Dr. Guelailia Ahmed

Research department in space mechanics, Algerian space agency, Algeria


Anadolu University, Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics, TURKEY

Prof. Oguz Arslan

Mechanical Engineering Department Dumlupinar University, Kutahya, Turkey

Prof. Raffi Mohammd

Department of Mechanical Engineering,Ramachandra college of engineering,Eluru west,Godavari,Andhra Pradesh,India

Dr. D B Jani

Head of Department, Mechanical Engineering Department, Government Engineering College, Dahod-389151.

Dr. Ali Amiri

Department of Mechanical Engineering , Tsinghua University

Dr. Mohamed Teggar

Laboratory of Mechanics, University of Laghouat, Algeria

Dr. S A Mohan Krishna

Vidyavardhaka College of Engineering, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
Volumn : 3, Issue : 2
SR No.Paper TitlePage No.Download


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ABHISHEK A BAJPAI, Surendra Kumar Agrawal

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In this paper parametric analysis is carried out to find the realistic performance of Organic Rankine Cycle by using first and second law approach. The effect of various operating parameters such as turbine inlet pressure, turbine back pressure, & condenser temperature on energy and exergy efficiency along with exergy destruction in components of HRVG, turbine, condenser, & pump are analysed. It was observed that with increase in turbine inlet pressure, energy efficiency increases from 8.75 % to 10.75 % and exergy efficiency also increases from 9.38 % to 11.46 %. With increase in turbine back pressure the energy and exergy efficiency decreases and with increase in condenser temperature, energy efficiency increases from 9.72 % to 10.14 % and exergy efficiency also increases from 10.47 % to 10.86 %.

Energy efficiency, Exergy efficiency, ORC, R245fa, Solar heat

[1]  Ahmadi P., Dincer I., Rosen M.A., “Development and assessment of an integrated biomass-based   multigeneration energy system”, Energy 2013, 56, 155–166.

[2] Wang D, Ling X, Peng H. “Performance analysis of double organic Rankine cycle for discontinuous    low temperature waste heat recovery”, Appl Therm Eng 2012, 48, 63–71.

[3] Guo J, Xu M, Cheng L. “Thermodynamic analysis of waste heat power generation system”, Energy 2010,35,2824–35.


[4] Wei Donghong, Lu Xuesheng, Lu Zhen, Gu Jianming. “Performance analysis and optimization of organic Rankine cycle (ORC) for waste heat recovery”, Energy Conversion and Management 2007;48,1113-9.

[5] Mago Pedro J, Chamra Louay M, Srinivasan Kalyan, Somayaji Chandramohan. “An examination of regenerative organic Rankine cycles using dry fluids”, Applied Thermal Engineering 2008,28(8),998-1007.

[6] Dai Y, Wang J, Gao L. “Parametric optimization and comparative study of organic Rankine cycle (ORC) for low grade waste heat recovery”, Energy Convers Manage 2009,50,576–82.

[7] Roy JP, Mishra MK, Misra A. “Performance analysis of an organic Rankine cycle with superheating under different heat source temperature conditions”, Appl Energy 2011,88,2995–3004.

[8] Touaibi, R., Feidt, M., Vasilescu, E.E. and Abbes, M.T., “Parametric study and exergy analysis of solar water-lithium bromide absorption cooling system”, International Journal of Exergy, 13(3), 2013, pp.409-429.

[9] Khaliq, A., Kumar, R. and Dincer, I., “Exergy analysis of an industrial waste recovery based cogeneration cycle for combined production of power and refrigeration”, Journal of Energy Resources Technology, 131, 2009, pp.1- 9.

[10] Dai, Y., Wang, J. and Gao, L., “Exergy analysis, parametric analysis and optimization for a novel combined power and ejector refrigeration cycle”, Applied Thermal Engineering, 29, 2009,1983-1990

14-21 Download

Free-Fly Bicycle: A Review

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Amit V Shah, Henil Modi

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MLA : Shah, Amit et al."Free-Fly Bicycle: A Review","International Journal of Fluid and Thermal Engineering" (2017).

APA : Shah, A et al. (2017)."Free-Fly Bicycle: A Review","International Journal of Fluid and Thermal Engineering.

Chicago : Shah, Amit et al."Free-Fly Bicycle: A Review","International Journal of Fluid and Thermal Engineering" (2017).

Global warming & climate changes have triggered a global effort to reduce the concentration of atmospheric Carbon Dioxide (CO2) & other greenhouse gases. There have also been energy crises, since fossil fuels are limited in resources & are main source of pollution. This has forced people to follow non-conventional sources of energy like solar power, wind energy, etc. but today’s economy is addicted to fossil fuels. As economic growth & increasing world population require more & more energy, we cannot stop using fossil fuels quickly. Thus, this is our small effort to create a small recharging electrical system simply attached to any bicycle which converts it into an electrical vehicle & helps to not only to solve the problem of pollution caused because of fossil fuels but also will help people to create an awareness about being healthy plus will also help to control problems related traffic congestion, over speeding, etc. The motive of the system is to generate power from the pedalling system through dynamos & then store it in the batteries & then again supply that power to motor which will run the bicycle. If user doesn’t want to run bicycle on motor for a period s/he can simply utilised that generated power to other various purposes.

Electric Bike, Brushless DC Motor, Self-Charging, Eco-friendly.

Journal Papers:

  1. Brandon Hayes & Louis Goguely, “Bicycle Power Generator Design for DC House: Off Grid Energy Solutions”, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, 2011.
  2. Michael Mazgaonkar at all, “Pedal Powered Electricity generator”, Himalaya machinery ltd, July 2001.
  3. Yogesh Jadhav et all, "Self-Charging Electric Bike", "International Journal on Recent & Innovative Trends in Computing & Communication", Volume 4 Issue 4, ISSN:2321-8169, 2016:817-821.
  4. Ian Vince McLoughlin at all, “Campus Mobility for the Future: The Electric Bicycle”, “Journal of Transportation Technologies”, Scientific Research, 2012, 2, 1-12.
  5. Gabriel Perez at all, “Vertical greenery system (VGS) for energy sawing in building: A review”, “Renewable & sustainable energy review”, Elsevier, 2014: 139-165.
  6. Ivan EVTIMOV et all, "Transport problems", University of Ruse, Department Engines & vehicles, Volume 10 Issue 3, 2015:131-140.
  7. Ting Zhen Ming at all, “Fighting Global Warning by Climate Engineering: Is the Earth radiation management & the solar radiation management any option for fighting climate change?”, “Renewable & Sustainable Energy Review”, Elsevier, 2014:792-834.
  8. Vivek Kumar et all, "Design & Implementation of Electric Assisted Bicycle with Self Recharging Mechanism", "International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering & Technology", Volume 3 Special Issue 5, IC - IASET, 2014:485-492.
  9. Mohammed Reza Maghami at all, “Power loss due to soiling on solar panel: A review”, “Renewable & sustainable energy review”, Elsevier, 2016: 1307-1316.
  10. Arun Eldho Alias at all, “Energy Efficient Hybrid Electric Bike with Multi-Transmission System”, “International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering”, 2015.
  11. Tania N. menders at all, “Small-scale Hydropower in the Netherlands: Problems & strategies of system builders: A review”, “Renewable & sustainable energy review”, Elsevier, 2016: 1493-1503.
  12. Chetan Mahadik & Sumit Mahindrakar, "An Improved & Efficient Electric Bicycle system with the power of Real Time Information Sharing", Multidisciplinary Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, ISSN: 2348-6953.
  13. Kunjan Shinde, “Literature Review on Electric Bike”, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, University of Mumbai, India, IJRMET Vol. 7, Issue 1, Nov 2016 - April 2017.
  14. Rahul Sindhwani at all, “Design of Electric Bike with Higher Efficiency”, International Journal of Advance Research and Innovation, Volume 2, Issue 1 (2014) 247-251.
  15. Annette Muetze & Ying C. Tan, “Electric Bicycles: A performance evaluation”, IEEE Industry Applications Magazine • July| Aug 2007.
  16. Chris Cherry at all, “TRB Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Analysis”, Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Tennessee, Knoxville, January 14, 2015.
  17. Minas Roukas at all, “Development of the Control System for an Electric Vehicle”, Master Thesis, Chalmers University of Technology, October 2013 Report number: EX050/ 2013.
  18. Tanja N. Manders at all, Small-scale hydropower in the Netherlands: Problems and strategies of system builders, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2016, vol. 59, issue C, 1493-1503.
  19. S. T. Wankhede at all, “Multi Charging Electric Bicycle”, International Journal of Research in Science & Engineering, Volume: 3 Issue: 2 March-April 2017.
  20. Carlos Tovar, “Electric Bicycle Design”, Industrial Design, Jonkoping University, 2008-09.
  21. Swapnil Shringarpure, “Automated Bicycle”, International Journal of Emerging Trends in Electrical and Electronics (IJETEE), Vol. 2, Issue. 2, April-2013.
  22. Dennis Y.C.Leung, “An overview of current status of carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, Volume 39, November 2014, Pages 426-443.


01-05 Download

Design and numerical optimization on annular type combustion chamber for small gas turbine application with CNG as fuel: A Review

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Vasant Patel, D C Gosai, Dr.K V Chaudhari

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MLA : Patel, Vasant et al."Design and numerical optimization on annular type combustion chamber for small gas turbine application with CNG as fuel: A Review","International Journal of Fluid and Thermal Engineering" (2017).

APA : Patel, V et al. (2017)."Design and numerical optimization on annular type combustion chamber for small gas turbine application with CNG as fuel: A Review","International Journal of Fluid and Thermal Engineering.

Chicago : Patel, Vasant et al."Design and numerical optimization on annular type combustion chamber for small gas turbine application with CNG as fuel: A Review","International Journal of Fluid and Thermal Engineering" (2017).

The turbines having capacity between 5kW-500kW are known as micro turbine and it can be utilize in the field of distributed power generation, as uninterrupted power supply source instead of DG set, used as power source in satellite instead of battery system and also in robot to operate various mechanism due to its less weight, higher energy density of hydrocarbon compare to battery, less reciprocating part and less emission compare to diesel engine but while designing various challenges are there such as short residence time due to its small volume, high heat loss due to high surface to volume ratio and some additional constraints like material availability, cycle limitations, bearing selection and fabrication technology. 

Micro combustor, numerical optimization, design, CNG

Journal Papers:

[1]          R. R. Shah and D. B. Kulshreshtha, “Analytical and Numerical Analysis of Micro Combustor for Gas Turbine Engine,” Indian J. Sci. Technol., vol. 9, no. 48, pp. 1–6, 2016.

[2]         C. P. Mark and A. Selwyn, “Design and analysis of annular combustion chamber of a low bypass turbofan engine in a jet trainer aircraft,” Propuls. Power Res., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 97–107, 2016.

[3]     Srinivasa Sharma Gangaraju, M.V.S. Murali Krishna and D.N.Reddy, “ Design and Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion Chamber for Producer Gas as Working Fuel ,” International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology25 Feb 2015, Vol.5, No.1 (Feb 2015).

[4]          J. Hua, M. Wu, and K. Kumar, “Numerical simulation of the combustion of hydrogen-air mixture in micro-scaled chambers. Part I: Fundamental study,” Chem. Eng. Sci., vol. 60, no. 13, pp. 3497–3506, 2005.

[5]          L. Zhang, J. Zhu, Y. Yan, H. Guo, and Z. Yang, “Numerical investigation on the   combustion characteristics of methane/air in a micro-combustor with a hollow hemispherical bluff body,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 94, pp. 293–299, 2015.

[6]          K. V Chaudhari, D. B. Kulshreshtha, and S. A. Channiwala, “Design and CFD Simulation of Annular Combustion Chamber with Kerosene as Fuel for 20 kW Gas Turbine Engine,” Int. J. Eng. Res. Appl., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 1641–1645, 2012.

[7]       J. G. Chetiyar, “Design and Improvement of Combustion Chamber for Small Gas,” Int. Conf. Recent Adv. Mech. enginnering &technology, no. 9, pp. 287–293, 2015.

[8]       D. B. Kulshreshtha, S. A. Channiwala and saurabh dixit “Gt2010- Numerical Simulation As Design Optimization Tool for Gas Turbine,” pp. 1–10, 2010.

[9]          D. G. Norton and D. G. Vlachos, “Combustion characteristics and flame stability at the microscale: A CFD study of premixed methane/air mixtures,” Chem. Eng. Sci., vol. 58, no. 21, pp. 4871–4882, 2003.

[10]        M. U. T. Dhanre and M. S. V Sontakke, “Analytical & Numerical Study of Gas Turbine Combustor,” vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 15–20, 2016.

[11]        S. Kruse, B. Kerschgens, L. Berger, E. Varea, and H. Pitsch, “Experimental and numerical      study of MILD combustion for gas turbine applications,” Appl. Energy, vol. 148, pp. 456–465, 2015.

[12]        I. I. Enagi, K. A. Al-attab, and Z. A. Zainal, “Combustion chamber design and performance for     micro gas turbine application,” Fuel Process. Technol., vol. 166, pp. 258–268, 2017.

[13]        H. L. Cao and J. L. Xu, “Thermal performance of a micro-combustor for micro-gas turbine system,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1569–1578, 2007.

[14]        S. A. Hashim, “Design and fabrication of an annular combustion chamber for the micro gas turbine engine applications,” vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 1307–1314, 2013.

[15]        J. Guidez, P. Roux, N. Poirson, E. Jourdanneau, M. Orain, and F. Grisch, “Investigation of combustion in miniaturised combustor for application to micro gas turbines,” Prog. Propuls. Phys., vol. 1, pp. 469–480, 2011.

[16]        L. Jiang, D. Zhao, and H. Yamashita, “Study on a Lower Heat Loss Micro Gas Turbine Combustor with Porous Inlet,” Combust. Sci. Technol., vol. 187, no. 9, pp. 1376–1391, 2015.

 [17]       C. H. Yang, C. C. Lee, J. H. Hsiao, and C. H. Chen, “Numerical analyses and experiment investigations of an annular micro gas turbine power system using fuels with low heating values,” Sci. China, Ser. E Technol. Sci., vol. 52, no. 12, pp. 3565–3579, 2009.


[18]     Lefebvre A H, Gas Turbine Combustion Vol.3, ISBN: 978-1-4200-8605-8, 3 rd edition, CRC press, Taylor and fransis group, 2010.

[19]     Mellor A. M., Design of Modern Turbine Combustors, Academic Press Inc., 1990.

06-13 Download

CFD Analysis of Plate fin heat sink with pin fin having Various Profiles

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Krishna Kumar Tiwari, Prof. Nitin Tenguria

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MLA : Tiwari, Krishna Kumar et al."CFD Analysis of Plate fin heat sink with pin fin having Various Profiles","International Journal of Fluid and Thermal Engineering" (2018).

APA : Tiwari, K et al. (2018)."CFD Analysis of Plate fin heat sink with pin fin having Various Profiles","International Journal of Fluid and Thermal Engineering.

Chicago : Tiwari, Krishna Kumar et al."CFD Analysis of Plate fin heat sink with pin fin having Various Profiles","International Journal of Fluid and Thermal Engineering" (2018).

In the present study the effect of various profile configurations in the performance of heat sink are studied using the CFD method. The present study also studied numerical and physical insight into the flow and the heat transfer characteristics of a pin fins heat sink of various profiles. The governing equations are solved by adopting a control volume-based finite-difference method with a power-law scheme on an orthogonal non-uniform staggered grid. The Elliptical Pin Fin Heat Sink is composed of a plate fin heat sink and some circular pins between plate fins. This study is performed to examine the effects of the configurations of the pin-fins design on the heat transfer characteristics of the pin fins. The results show that the hexagonal Pin Fin Heat Sink are much better unnaturally than the plate fin heat sink. Computations of the Elliptical Pin Fin Heat Sink and hexagonal pin fin heat sink is provides that hexagonal fins can provide better heat transfer results than others types of study being conducted.

Heat sink, Heat transfer, Thermal resistance (EPFHS),Hexagonal Pin Fin Heat Sink(HPFHS),CFD, Pin fins.

[1]  S. Lee, Optimum Design and Selection of Heat Sinks, Proceedings of 11th IEEE Semi- Thermal Symposium, pp. 48-54, 1995.

[2]  Sergent, J. and Krum, A., Thermal Management Handbook for Electronic Assemblies, First Edition,McGraw-Hill, 1998.

[3] Sparrow  EM,  Ramsey  JW. Heat  transfer  and  pressure  drop  for a staggered  wall-attached array  of cylinders with tip clearance. Int J Heat  Mass Transfer  1978;21:1369–77.

[4] Sparrow  EM,  Ramsey  JW, Altemani  CAC.  Experiments  on in-line pin-fin arrays  and  performance   comparison with staggered arrays.  ASME J Heat  Transfer  1980;102:44–50.

[5] Babus Haq  RF,  Akintunde  K, Probert  SD. Thermal  performance of a pin-fin assembly. Int J Heat Fluid  Flow 1995;16/1:50–5.

[6] Tahat  MA, Babus Haq  RF,  Probert  SD. Forced  steady-state  convections  from pin-fin arrays. Appl Energy 1994;48:335–51.

[7] Tahat  M, Kodah  ZH, Jarrah  BA, Probert  SD. Heat transfers  from pin-fin arrays experiencing forced convection.  Appl Energy 2000;67/4:419–42.

[8] Kundu  B, Das PK. Optimum  dimensions of plate fins for fin-tube heat exchangers. Int J Heat Fluid Flow 1997;18:530–7.

[9] Sara ON. Performance analysis of rectangular ducts with staggered square pin-fins. Energy Convers Manage  2003;44:1787–803.

[10] Tanda  G. Heat  transfer  and pressure drop  in a rectangular  channel with diamond-shaped elements. Int J Heat  Fluid  Flow 2001;44:3529–41.

[11] Li  Q,  Cheng  Z,  Flechtner   U,  Warnecke  H-J.  Heat-transfer and  pressure-drop characteristics   in rectangular channels with elliptic pin-fins. Int J Heat  Fluid  Flow 1998;19:245–50.

[12] Chen  Z, Li Q, Meier  D,  Warnecke  H-J.  Convective  heat-transfer and  pressure  loss in rectangular ducts with drop-shaped pin-fins. Heat  Mass Transfer  1997;33:219–24.

[13] El-Sayed SA, Mohamed MS, Abdel-latif  AM, Abouda  AE. Investigation of turbulent heat transfer and fluid flow in longitudinal  rectangular-fin arrays of different  geometries and a shrouded fin-array. Exp Therm  Fluid  Sci 2002;26:879–900.


22-31 Download
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